Insurance is a largely invisible yet ubiquitous part of our economies. Our health, movements, purchases, homes, and even lives are usually covered by insurance. Without insurance, the unpredictability of the future would be too great and it would be difficult to take risks and innovate. In other words, insurance typically allows people to break the psychological and financial barriers which normally prevent them from engaging in potentially riskier activities thus forgoing greater reward and innovation. Insurance has contributed to macroeconomic development through economic growth, stabilization, distribution, and innovation.
Index-based insurance is an innovative financial service that can help smallholder farmers manage some of the risks related to weather conditions. On one hand, the increasing availability of this financial service offers a big opportunity to both farmers and providers. On the other hand, the complexity of this risk management tool can lead to poorly-understood index insurance products that may do more harm than good.
The ILO’s Impact Insurance Facility enables the insurance sector, governments, and their partners to realise the potential of insurance for social and economic development. It does so through three primary sets of activities: